||Joe-Pye weed is native to North America.
||E. maculatum is a coarse perennial that grows to a height of 6 ft. The stems are speckled or blotched with purple. The 2 to 8 inch long leaves are placed in whorls of 3 to 6 leaves around the stem. The flower groupings are generally flattish. The flowers are generally purple and at times range toward shades of off-white. This species is closely related to E. purpureum, which see above for distinguishing characteristics.
||In addition to the U. S. distribution there is a contiguous Canadian distribution. The species is found in damp areas, especially in calcareous soils.
||Fernald provides a blooming date range for much of the speciesí eastern distribution as mid-July to early September.
||While the species is not often mentioned in the North American beekeeping literature, Larson and Shuel rate the speciesí attractiveness to bees as a 4 (highest rating) on a 1 to 4 scale. They also state that the species is a good nectar producer in August and September in both southern and northern Ontario. In nectar secretion, they rate it as a 2 on a 1 to 3 scale, indicating good nectar production that sometimes produces a surplus. It is possible that the early authors who wrote on the subject of bee forage did not distinguish this species as being different than E. purpureum. Both, are after all, often found in wet habitats and look much alike. This may explain why the species has not been given more space in the American beekeeping literature.
||Larson and Shuel indicate that the honey is light amber and has a strong flavor.
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